Indian climate activist, 10, invited to East Timor inauguration | Climate Crisis News

Among the many individuals attending the inauguration ceremony of East Timor’s new President José Ramos-Horta shall be a 10-year-old local weather activist from India.

Licypriya Kangujam was invited as a particular visitor of honour for the inauguration of the Nobel Peace Prize laureate on Thursday, a day earlier than Asia’s youngest nation marks the twentieth anniversary of its independence.

East Timor, formally often known as Timor-Leste, was colonised by Portugal within the 18th century and remained beneath its management till 1975. When the Portuguese withdrew, troops from Indonesia invaded and annexed the island nation as its twenty seventh province.

A UN-sponsored referendum for freedom held in 1999 and a brutal retreat by Indonesian forces noticed the nation of 1.3 million individuals emerge as a republic three years later.

Ap Photo child activism climate
Kangujam holding an indication at Juhu seashore throughout a cleansing drive in Mumbai [File: Rajanish Kakade/AP]

‘Invitation very particular’

Kangujam, who’s the founding father of The Baby Motion environmental organisation, advised Al Jazeera she was “very shocked” when she first obtained the invitation to attend the high-profile occasion.

“Often at such massive occasions, solely international presidents and prime ministers are invited as particular visitors. I really feel this invitation could be very particular and has an amazing message on how small island international locations like East Timor are threatened by local weather change,” she mentioned.

“The inclusion of local weather activists in each subject and decision-making course of is kind of necessary.”

The kid activist mentioned her go to would strengthen relations between India and East Timor.

Licypriya Kangujam
Licypriya performs together with her sister Irina at house in Noida as their mom Bidyarani seems to be on [File: Anushree Fadnavis/Reuters]

Kangujam was born in a village close to Imphal within the northeastern Indian state of Manipur. When she was 5, her household moved to Bhubaneswar within the coastal state of Odisha, the place Cyclone Titli in 2018 and Cyclone Fani in 2019 killed lots of of individuals and destroyed houses.

On the age of 9, Kangujam moved to Noida on the outskirts of the Indian capital New Delhi, one of many world’s most polluted cities, the place she lives together with her mom and a youthful sister.

The fifth-grade pupil says the local weather disaster in Odisha and New Delhi’s air pollution points left a deep impression on her and turned her into one of many world’s youngest local weather activists.

In 2019, she addressed world leaders on the United Nations Local weather Convention 2019 (COP25) in Madrid, urging them to take rapid actions to avoid wasting the way forward for kids like her.

Licypriya Kangujam
Kangujam speaks in the course of the UN Local weather Change Convention (COP25) in Madrid [File: Susana Vera/Reuters]

The younger activist says she was alone when she began her motion in 2018. “However right now I’ve love and assist from hundreds of individuals throughout the globe.”

A number of international dignitaries are attending Ramos-Horta’s inauguration ceremony.

US President Joe Biden on Monday introduced a presidential delegation to the nation, based on a White Home assertion.

Ramos-Horta, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1996 for his efforts to deliver a peaceable decision to the battle in East Timor, scored a landslide victory within the presidential election final month.

The Nobel laureate beforehand served as president from 2007 to 2012 and was additionally the nation’s first prime minister.

‘Will hearken to their tales’

East Timor is extremely susceptible to local weather change, with rising sea ranges, frequent floods, cyclones, droughts, landslides and soil erosion.

Final 12 months, Tropical Cyclone Seroja killed dozens of individuals within the nation whereas 7,000 have been displaced.

Throughout her go to to East Timor, Kangujam will deal with the nation’s parliament and go to the College of East Timor. She mentioned civil society organisations within the nation have additionally invited her to work together with kids and younger individuals there.

“I’ll hearken to their tales and also will inform the world in regards to the issues they’re dealing with. We are going to speak about long-term peace and growth and the way we will struggle local weather change collectively,” she advised Al Jazeera.

“My voice will characterize the unheard voices of the tens of millions of individuals of the world and likewise for the numerous, unvoiced animals.”

Sri Lanka mulls privatizing national airline amid crisis | Business and Economy News

Sri Lanka’s new prime minister proposed privatizing the nation’s loss-making nationwide airline because the nation tries to claw out of its worst financial disaster in a long time.

Sri Lanka’s new prime minister on Monday proposed privatizing the nation’s loss-making nationwide airline as a part of reforms aimed toward fixing the nation’s worst financial disaster in a long time.

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe stated in a message to the people who he plans to suggest a particular aid funds that may take the place of the development-oriented funds earlier authorised for this yr. He stated it could channel funds beforehand allotted for infrastructure improvement to public welfare.

He stated the nation’s monetary well being is so poor that the federal government has been pressured to print cash to pay the salaries of presidency staff and purchase different items and companies.

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa appointed Wickremesinghe as prime minister final Thursday in a bid to quell the island nation’s political and financial disaster.

The president’s brother, Mahinda Rajapaksa, stepped down as prime minister on Could 9 amid violence that left 9 folks useless and greater than 200 wounded. Protesters have demanded the highly effective Rajapaksa household resign to take duty for main the nation into the financial disaster.

For months, Sri Lankans have been pressured to attend in lengthy strains to purchase scarce imported necessities similar to medicines, gas, cooking gasoline and meals due to a extreme scarcity of overseas forex. Authorities revenues have additionally plunged.

Wickremesinghe stated Sri Lankan Airways misplaced about $123m within the 2020-2021 fiscal yr, which led to March, and its combination losses exceeded $1bn as of March 2021.

“Even when we privatize Sri Lankan Airways, this can be a loss that we should bear. You have to be conscious that this can be a loss that have to be borne even by the poor folks of this nation who’ve by no means stepped on an airplane,” Wickremesinghe stated.

Sri Lankan Airways was managed by Emirates Airways from 1998 to 2008.

Sri Lanka is sort of bankrupt and has suspended reimbursement of about $7bn in overseas loans due this yr out of $25bn to be repaid by 2026. The nation’s complete overseas debt is $51bn. The finance ministry says the nation at present has solely $25m in usable overseas reserves.

Wickremesinghe stated about $75bn is required urgently to assist present folks with important gadgets, however the nation’s treasury is struggling to search out even $1bn.

Shortages of medicines are so acute that it’s tough to purchase anti-rabies medicines and medicines to deal with coronary heart illness, he stated.

“I’ve no need to cover the reality and to mislead the general public. Though these information are disagreeable and terrifying, that is the true state of affairs. For a brief interval, our future might be much more tough than the powerful occasions that we now have handed,” Wickremesinghe stated.

“We’ll face appreciable challenges and adversity. Nonetheless, this era won’t be lengthy,” he stated, including that nations with which he has spoken have pledged to assist in the following few months.

Wickremesinghe is struggling to type a brand new cupboard, with many events reluctant to affix his authorities. They are saying Wickremesinghe’s appointment goes towards custom and the folks’s will as a result of he was defeated in 2020 elections and joined parliament solely by a seat allotted to his celebration.

Nonetheless, events have stated they are going to assist optimistic measures by Wickremesinghe to enhance the economic system whereas they continue to be within the opposition.

The primary opposition United Folks’s Power celebration has launched a no-confidence movement towards the president for “not having correctly exercised, carried out and discharged the powers of the president below the structure”.

The movement, to be taken up Tuesday, accuses Rajapaksa of being chargeable for the financial disaster by introducing premature tax cuts and prohibiting the usage of agrochemicals, which resulted in crop failures.

Passage of the movement wouldn’t legally bind Rajapaksa to stop, however his refusal to take action might intensify anti-government protests and rock negotiations with different nations on financial assist. A problem of Wickremesinghe’s appointment might additionally endanger the negotiations, which he leads.

US wildfire dangers seen spreading east as climate risks grow | Climate Crisis News

From New Jersey to Georgia, US states 1000’s of kilometres from wildfire hotspots within the west face a rising danger from forest blazes as world warming makes “protected havens” more and more uncommon, researchers have warned.

Wildfires pose at the very least a average danger to greater than 30 million properties throughout america, in accordance with modelling by First Road Basis, a nonprofit that maps local weather dangers.

“Wildfire danger is growing a lot sooner than even flood danger is throughout the US,” mentioned Ed Kearns, the group’s chief knowledge officer, on Monday. “And it’s more likely to have an effect on areas that aren’t regarded as wildfire-prone areas proper now, however will probably be quickly.”

Properly past hard-hit states akin to California and New Mexico, East Coast areas together with South and North Carolina are amongst these with essentially the most properties threatened by fires, analysis discovered.

It used a brand new mannequin supposed to offer house and different property homeowners an in depth danger evaluation of the climate-related threats dealing with their properties, together with wildfires and floods.

“That skill for a person to take a seat down and kind of their deal with and see what their danger is makes a private connection between local weather change and this knowledge set and their lives,” Kearns mentioned.

Info graphic of wildfires on the rise

A handful of counties in Georgia state, for instance, have been amongst these with the most important projected rise within the share of properties with at the very least average wildfire danger between now and 2052.

The researchers checked out about 140 million properties nationwide, together with residential and business buildings, in addition to very important infrastructure together with faculties and airports.

They discovered near 80 million folks face a point of danger, with 30.4 million dealing with at the very least “average” danger.

That corresponds to an annual “burn likelihood” of 0.03 p.c or extra, or at the very least a 1 p.c cumulative probability of experiencing a wildfire in the course of the lifetime of a 30-year mortgage.

‘Select your poison’

Wildfire danger is way extra prevalent than researchers had anticipated earlier than creating the mannequin, mentioned Matthew Eby, First Road Basis’s founder and govt director.

Western states that already face vital danger will see that worsen over time with local weather change, together with locations akin to California, New Mexico, and Colorado which are accustomed to coping with main blazes, the report mentioned.

However different locations within the Midwest and South are already in danger, it famous. South Carolina and North Carolina each characteristic among the many prime US states for the variety of properties with at the very least a average danger of experiencing a wildfire in 2022.

Michael Wehner, a senior scientist on the Lawrence Berkeley Nationwide Laboratory in California who was not concerned within the report, mentioned it was robust to flee the “detrimental” results of rising temperatures.

“Regardless of the place you reside, there’s one thing unhealthy popping out of local weather change – whether or not hearth or drought or larger storms or heatwaves – select your poison,” he mentioned.

Jonathon Golden, a former wildland firefighter, mentioned East Coast residents have been much less accustomed to fires than folks residing within the west.

“Local weather change is de facto going to shock lots of people, and so they’re going to see loads of issues that they haven’t seen earlier than of their lives,” he mentioned.

Past the risk to lives, livelihoods and property, the increasing hazard zone threatens to place additional pressure on federal firefighters at a time when many are sounding the alarm about low pay and unsafe working circumstances.

Historically, when work on fires has been accomplished out west, federal sources shift east to help with “hurricane obligation”, Golden mentioned.

However now there may very well be an ideal storm lining up of overlapping hurricane and hearth seasons, he warned.

“That’s actually going to emphasize and pressure sources with the ability to reply to each incidents on the similar time,” he mentioned.

Pakistan city hits nearly 50C as blistering heatwave grips nation | Climate Crisis News

Elements of the nation already scorched by temperatures of almost 50Cs as officers warn of acute water shortages and a risk to well being.

Pakistan is within the grip of a blistering heatwave, with elements of the nation already scorched by temperatures of almost 50C as officers warn of acute water shortages and a risk to well being.

Swathes of Pakistan have been smothered by excessive temperatures since late April, in excessive climate the World Meteorological Group (WMO) has warned is in keeping with local weather change.

On Thursday, the town of Jacobabad in Sindh province hit 49.5C (121F), the Pakistan Meteorological Division (PMD) mentioned, with temperatures forecast to stay the identical till the tip of the week.

Nationwide, the PMD alerted temperatures have been between 6C (11F) and 9C (16F) above regular, with the capital Islamabad, in addition to provincial hubs Karachi, Lahore and Peshawar, recording temperatures round 40C (104F) on Friday afternoon.

“This 12 months we’ve got jumped from winter proper into summer time,” mentioned PMD Chief Forecaster Zaheer Ahmad Babar.

Pakistan has endured heightened heatwaves since 2015, he mentioned, centered in higher Sindh province and southern Punjab province.

“The depth is rising, and the period is rising, and the frequency is rising,” he mentioned.

Punjab province irrigation spokesperson Adnan Hassan mentioned the Indus river – Pakistan’s key waterway – had shrunk by 65 p.c “on account of a scarcity of rains and snow” this 12 months.

Sheep have reportedly died from heatstroke and dehydration within the Cholistan Desert of Punjab, Pakistan’s most populous province which additionally serves because the nationwide breadbasket.

“There’s a actual hazard of a shortfall in meals and crop provide this 12 months within the nation ought to the water scarcity persist,” Hassan mentioned.

On Tuesday, Local weather Minister Sherry Rehman warned residents within the jap megacity of Lahore “to take cowl for the most well liked hours of the day”.

Pakistan, residence to 220 million folks, says it’s accountable for lower than one p.c of worldwide greenhouse gasoline emissions.

Nonetheless, it ranks because the eighth most affected nation by excessive climate occasions, in accordance with a 2021 research by environmental group Germanwatch.

Whereas excessive warmth has apparent results, it might probably additionally set off cascading disasters which pummel Pakistan’s usually impoverished inhabitants.

The mountainous parts of Pakistan are residence to greater than 7,000 glaciers, a quantity bigger than any area exterior the poles.

Rapidly melting glaciers can swell lakes which then burst their banks and unleash torrents of ice, rock and water in occasions often known as glacial lake outburst floods.

Final weekend, a key freeway bridge within the Gilgit-Baltistan area was swept away in flash flooding brought on by glacier soften.

In April, officers warned there have been 33 lakes in Pakistan at risk of unleashing related harmful deluges.

The heatwave has additionally ravaged India, with temperatures in elements of Rajasthan state hitting 48.1C (118.5F) on Thursday.

US judge to decide how much pharmacies owe over opioid crisis | Drugs News

Roughly 80 million prescription painkillers have been disbursed in Trumbull County between 2012 and 2016 — 400 for each county resident — whereas 61 million drugs have been disbursed in Lake County throughout that five-year interval — 265 drugs for each resident.

How a lot cash ought to CVS, Walgreens and Walmart pharmacies pay two Ohio counties in damages to assist abate the results of the opioid disaster?

That’s the query in entrance of a federal choose in Cleveland, who will start listening to testimony on Tuesday after a jury discovered the three large pharmacy chains accountable final fall for recklessly distributing huge quantities of ache drugs in Lake and Trumbull counties. It was the primary time pharmacies in the US have been held answerable for the opioid disaster.

Plaintiff’s legal professionals stated earlier than the trial that every county wants about $1bn to restore the harm attributable to the flood of drugs, which triggered lots of of overdose deaths.

Roughly 80 million prescription painkillers have been disbursed in Trumbull County between 2012 and 2016 — 400 for each county resident — whereas 61 million drugs have been disbursed in Lake County throughout that five-year interval — 265 drugs for each resident.

Again in November, a jury in US District Decide Dan Polster’s courtroom sided with the counties and agreed that the best way the pharmacies disbursed ache remedy performed an outsized function in making a public nuisance.

Now, the counties are anticipated to current testimony from medical doctors to debate the hurt suffered by these communities, the opioid disaster’ impact on baby welfare and different county businesses, and an abatement plan created for the counties.

“The jury sounded a bell that needs to be heard by means of all pharmacies in America,” Mark Lanier, the lead lawyer for the counties, stated after November’s verdict.

Throughout the US, many lawsuits filed by governments over the toll of the medication have been resolved lately — most with settlements, and a few with judgments or verdicts in trials. To this point, drug makers, distributors and pharmacies have agreed to settlements totalling nicely greater than $40bn, in accordance with an Related Press tally.

Trials are below approach in courts in West Virginia, Florida and California. A call has not but been issued after one other trial final 12 months in West Virginia.

In keeping with an April 25 court docket submitting, the abatement plan created for Lake and Trumbull counties by Dr Caleb Alexander of John Hopkins Bloomberg Faculty of Public Well being, “are cheap and essential to abate the general public nuisance discovered by the jury”.

The plan focuses on prevention, therapy, restoration and “measures meant to particularly tackle the wants of particular populations who’ve been uniquely affected by the opioid epidemic”, the court docket submitting stated.

Attorneys for Walgreens and Walmart argued in a court docket submitting that the counties’ $878m abatement plan needs to be restricted to 1 12 months and never the minimal of 5 years the counties argue they want. One of many pharmacy chains’ consultants has estimated the precise price at $346m whereas one other professional stated it was lower than $35m, the submitting stated.

Defence legal professionals additionally argued that harm attributable to different entities who contributed to the general public nuisance of opioid habit needs to be excluded from any quantities awarded by Polster and that these prices needs to be restricted to the pharmacies’ “applicable share of contribution to the nuisance”.

Pharmacy chain Ceremony-Support settled with the counties in early October earlier than the beginning of the trial. Pittsburgh-based Big Eagle reached a settlement with the counties in late October after the trial began.

There have been almost 500,000 deaths attributable to authorized and unlawful opioids between 2000 and 2019, in accordance with the US Facilities for Illness Management.

What’s the way out of Sri Lanka’s economic crisis? | Politics

Video Period 24 minutes 15 seconds

From: Inside Story

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa has declared one other state of emergency. 

The island nation of Sri Lanka is in disaster. There have been meals and gasoline shortages for weeks and energy cuts have develop into the brand new norm.

Many say they’re struggling to get by and so they blame the federal government for mishandling the financial state of affairs – calling on President Gotabya Rajapaksa to resign.

There was a normal strike on Friday that shut down a lot of the nation.

In response, the president’s workplace re-imposed a state of emergency – saying it was wanted to “guarantee public order”.

However what introduced the nation to this unprecedented state of affairs?

Presenter: Adrian Finighan

Visitors:

Bhavani Fonseka – Senior researcher and lawyer with the Centre for Coverage Options

Ahilan Kadirgamar – Political economist and senior lecturer on the College of Jaffna

Jehan Perera – Government director of the Nationwide Peace Council of Sri Lanka