How should we adapt to climate change? | Climate Crisis

Video Length 24 minutes 50 seconds

From: Inside Story

Scientists say intense droughts, wildfires and heatwaves are the brand new actuality.

“Adapting to local weather change is not an choice. It’s an obligation.”

That’s the warning from France’s inexperienced transition minister as individuals in Europe expertise droughts, wildfires and heatwaves.

The European Drought Observatory has recorded water shortages on greater than half the continent. Meteorologists have warned this could possibly be the worst drought in 500 years.

Temperature information have been damaged in lots of European international locations. Sizzling and dry circumstances are fanning the flames of wildfires in France, Spain and Portugal.

So how can we put together our cities and alter our behaviour to deal with excessive climate patterns?

Presenter: Laura Kyle

Company:

Giulio Boccaletti – visiting senior fellow, Euro-Mediterranean Heart on Local weather Change

Clare Farrell – co-founder, Extinction Revolt

Ilan Kelman – professor of disasters and well being, College School London

‘Time running out’: US, Germany intensify climate change fight | Climate Crisis News

Deal will see the 2 nations develop and deploy applied sciences to hurry up the clear power transition, significantly within the areas of offshore wind energy, zero-emissions automobiles and hydrogen.

The USA and Germany have signed an settlement to deepen cooperation on shifting from fossil fuels to renewable power in an effort to rein in local weather change.

The deal on Friday will see the 2 nations work collectively to develop and deploy applied sciences that may pace up that clear power transition, significantly within the areas of offshore wind energy, zero-emissions automobiles and hydrogen.

The US and Germany pledged to additionally collaborate on selling formidable local weather insurance policies and power safety worldwide.

US local weather envoy John Kerry mentioned each nations goal to reap the advantages of shifting to scrub power early by the creation of latest jobs and alternatives for companies within the rising marketplace for renewables.

Such markets rely on widespread requirements of what hydrogen might be labeled as “inexperienced,” for instance. Officers will now work on reaching a standard definition to make sure hydrogen produced on one facet of the Atlantic might be bought on the opposite facet.

Robert Habeck, Germany’s power and local weather minister, mentioned the settlement mirrored the urgency of tackling international warming. Scientists have mentioned steep emissions cuts have to occur worldwide this decade if the targets set within the 2015 Paris local weather accord are to be met.

“Time is actually working out,” Habeck mentioned, calling local weather change “the problem of our political era.”

‘Very concrete declarations’

The US-German settlement was signed on the sidelines of a gathering of power and local weather ministers from the Group of Seven (G7) rich nations.

The group was anticipated to announce a collection of latest commitments in a while Friday on tackling local weather change, together with a standard goal for phasing out the burning of coal for electrical energy and ramping up monetary assist to poor nations affected by international warming.

Coal is a closely polluting fossil gas that’s answerable for one-fifth of world greenhouse fuel emissions attributable to people.

“There are very concrete declarations and agreements for the growth of renewable energies, but in addition, for instance, on the coal phase-out,” German surroundings minister Steffi Lemke mentioned on Friday.

G7 members Britain, France and Italy have set deadlines to cease burning coal for electrical energy within the subsequent few years. Germany and Canada are aiming for 2030; Japan needs extra time; whereas the Biden administration has set a goal of ending fossil gas use for electrical energy era in the USA by 2035.

Setting a standard deadline would put stress on different main polluters to comply with go well with and construct on the compromise deal reached eventually yr’s United Nations local weather summit, the place nations dedicated merely to “section down” slightly than “section out” coal – with no mounted date.

Stress on wealthy nations

Habeck mentioned the problem may very well be carried ahead to the G7 leaders’ summit in Elmau, Germany, subsequent month after which to the assembly later this yr of the Group of 20 main and rising economies, who’re answerable for 80 % of world emissions.

Getting all G20 nations to signal on to the formidable targets set by a number of the most superior economies will probably be key as nations reminiscent of China, India, and Indonesia stay closely reliant on coal.

There may be additionally stress for wealthy nations to step up their monetary assist to poor nations forward of this yr’s UN local weather assembly in Egypt.

Particularly, growing nations desire a clear dedication that they’ll obtain funds to deal with the loss and harm suffered on account of local weather change.

Rich nations have resisted the thought for worry of being held chargeable for pricey disasters attributable to international warming.

The assembly in Berlin can even search to succeed in agreements on phasing out combustion engine automobiles, boosting funding for biodiversity programmes, defending oceans and decreasing plastic air pollution.

Populism, desire for change mark Colombia’s presidential vote | Elections News

Bogota, Colombia – As Colombia prepares for the primary spherical of its extremely contested presidential elections on Sunday, the phrase that appears to be on everybody’s thoughts is “change”.

Up till just lately, the race has been largely dominated by two candidates which have grown to symbolize the political and social divisions that break up the polarised South American nation.

On one facet, left-wing former insurgent fighter Gustavo Petro and his vice-presidential operating mate, Afro-Colombian activist Francia Marquez, have overwhelmingly led polls with a promise of reducing inequality and poverty and an anti-establishment message.

On the opposite facet is conservative civil engineer Federico “Fico” Gutierrez, who has trailed Petro however is attracting the assist of many right-wing Colombians in addition to the nation’s political institution, which fears what electing Petro may imply.

But, in latest weeks, a curveball candidate has quickly gained momentum, throwing a as soon as clear-cut race into unsure waters.

“There are not any clear winners proper now,” stated Sandra Borda, a political science professor at Universidad de los Andes in Bogota, the capital. “There’s numerous uncertainty of what’s going to occur.”

‘A complete change’

Rodolfo Hernandez, a right-leaning impartial populist who has largely lagged behind within the race thus far, has made a shocking soar in recognition in a number of polls.

He has gone from having 9.6 % of the vote final month to 19.1 %, based on a Might 19 ballot by Centro Nacional de Consultoria, placing him neck-and-neck with conservative competitor Gutierrez.

“The Colombian folks and I are the one ones who can beat Petro within the second spherical,” Hernandez just lately stated, tweeting out ballot outcomes. “I will probably be your president.”

However the populist candidate, usually in comparison with former US President Donald Trump, has set political observers like Borda on edge.

Hernandez, 77, amassed a fortune from a development enterprise within the northeastern Santander area. The previous mayor of the small northern metropolis of Bucaramanga, he gained notoriety for his blunt, unfiltered approach of talking and his guarantees to put off endemic corruption.

Through the years, the now-candidate has been sued by a firefighter after Hernandez referred to as the fireplace division “fats and lazy”, made xenophobic feedback about Venezuelan migrant girls, and, in 2018, hit a metropolis councilman within the face whereas on digicam after a heated argument.

Colombian presidential candidate Rodolfo Hernandez walks through a crowd of supporters
Colombian presidential candidate Rodolfo Hernandez greets his supporters, Might 21, 2022 [Reuters]

In a 2016 interview with a Colombian radio station, he additionally advised the hosts, “I’m an enormous follower of an important German thinker: Adolf Hitler.” Hernandez later apologised, saying the particular person he truly meant to quote was Albert Einstein.

But his anti-corruption message and place as a relative outsider have gained the assist of many Colombians, together with 74-year-old Ligia del Carmen Roa, who stood exterior one in every of Hernandez’s marketing campaign centres in Bogota.

She wore a vivid yellow t-shirt with Hernandez’s face on it, honking horns and handing out fliers to passersby. Most of the volunteers, she stated, had been like her: from a poorer neighbourhood and hopeful that Hernandez was totally different from the politicians which have traditionally excluded them.

“It might be an about-face [for Colombia], he could be a complete change,” del Carmen Roa advised Al Jazeera. “And that’s what Colombia wants proper now. It’s pressing. He’s the one that may get us out of this unhealthy place we’re in.”

The vote

If any candidate wins greater than half the votes on Sunday, they’ll turn out to be Colombia’s subsequent president, taking up from Ivan Duque, who defeated Petro in 2018 with the backing of Colombia’s political elite and has now turn out to be one of the vital unpopular leaders in many years.

If that fifty % threshold just isn’t met, the 2 high candidates will transfer on to the subsequent spherical of elections in late June.

Petro holds round 40 % assist, based on latest polls, whereas conservatives Gutierrez and Hernandez every have about 20 %, respectively.

Colombian presidential candidate Federico Gutierrez shakes hands of supporters
Colombian presidential candidate Federico Gutierrez shakes supporters’ arms at his closing marketing campaign rally in Medellin, Might 22, 2022 [Chelo Camacho/Reuters]

Whereas Petro is predicted to win handily within the first spherical, if Petro and Hernandez go head-to-head in a second-round vote on June 19, polling means that it will likely be an in depth struggle.

Each candidates are chatting with grievances held by massive segments of the Colombian citizens, which have solely grown in recent times, stated Arlene Tickner, a political science professor at Bogota’s Universidad de Rosario.

“Hernandez truly expresses most of the discourses of the institution whereas on the identical time presenting himself as one thing totally different,” Tickner advised Al Jazeera. “And he’s clearly rather more conservative than Petro.”

As poverty and inequality worsened through the COVID-19 pandemic, Colombia has seen a surge in armed group violence within the countryside, one thing critics say is a product of failures by the federal government to implement the nation’s 2016 peace accords.

In the meantime, mass anti-government protests final yr made world headlines after they had been met by a violent backlash by Colombian safety forces.

In Might, an Invamer ballot discovered that just about 75 % of Colombians felt their nation was headed down the flawed path.

Threats of violence

That public frustration was first efficiently harnessed by Petro, who gained traction early on within the election season.

“Petro is totally different. He’s totally different from all the opposite political events. He proposes good concepts, makes good arguments,” Andres Torres, a 25-year-old graphic designer in Bogota, advised Al Jazeera.

“Colombia wants change,” stated Torres, including that he would assist anybody apart from Gutierrez, operating below the right-wing coalition Equipo por Colombia. “‘Fico’ simply represents this continuation of what we bought 4 years in the past with Duque.”

However analysts and electoral watchdogs even have expressed concern about electoral turmoil and violence.

Final week, Colombia’s Ombudsman’s Workplace, a human rights watchdog, despatched out an alert warning that just about 300 municipalities within the nation are at excessive or excessive threat of human rights violations and electoral violence.

The watchdog stated that just about half the nation faces some degree of threat.

Gustavo Petro and his VP candidate Francia Marquez gesture at a crowd
Colombian presidential candidate Gustavo Petro, left, and his vice-presidential candidate Francia Marquez, in Bogota, March 25, 2022 [Mariano Vimos/Reuters]

The considerations come primarily from The Gulf Clan armed group, which held almost a 3rd of Colombia below siege earlier this month after their former chief was extradited to the USA on drug prices.

In the meantime, Petro and Francia Marquez, his vice-presidential candidate, have needed to converse to massive audiences behind police shields after alleged assassination plots and threats. “The spectre of demise accompanies us,” Petro advised the AFP information company in February.

Others like Elizabeth Dickinson, a senior Colombia analyst on the Worldwide Disaster Group, have raised alarm about Petro and different candidates stirring considerations of electoral fraud within the days main as much as the primary spherical.

In a presidential debate earlier than the vote, candidates spent almost a half-hour speaking about considerations about electoral fraud in March’s congressional elections, which Dickinson stated had been important and never adequately addressed by the federal government.

However she additionally stated that candidates have over-amplified the concerns as a political instrument.

“The entire candidates, no matter their political persuasions, are laying the groundwork to have the ability to declare fraud if the outcome just isn’t what they want,” Dickinson advised Al Jazeera. “That is actually harmful.”

A push for change

But when both Petro or Hernandez is elected, it could comply with a bigger development throughout Latin America of voters turning away from the figures and political events which have held energy for many years.

Final April, little-known rural faculty trainer Pedro Castillo shocked Peru by defeating institution candidate Keiko Fujimori. In November, Xiomara Castro, a socialist feminine candidate with institution ties, pulled off an astonishing victory in Honduras’ elections and ended the right-wing Nationwide Occasion’s 12-year grip on energy.

And in December, Chileans elected former scholar activist Gabriel Boric – who has promised to scale back endemic inequalities, and deal with gender, Indigenous and environmental points – because the nation’s youngest-ever president.

For voters like Hernandez supporter Ligia del Carmen Roa, who packed up a automobile of marketing campaign supplies simply down the road from Petro voter Torres, one factor is clear.

“We’ve been on this identical sample for over 70 years, and we wish to escape of it,” she stated.

“And proper now’s the second.”