What lies ahead for Kenya after a tightly-fought election? | TV Shows

On Friday, August 12 at 19:30 GMT:
Authorities in Kenya are tallying hundreds of thousands of votes forged in a common election that can resolve who would be the nation’s subsequent president.

The 2 main candidates to succeed President Uhuru Kenyatta are deputy president William Ruto and opposition chief Raila Odinga – who has Kenyatta’s public backing following a well-publicised rift along with his lieutenant.

Official outcomes from the Unbiased Electoral and Boundaries Fee (IEBC) are anticipated inside every week of the August 9 election. However Kenyan media have already revealed differing tallies, sparking confusion amongst folks anxious for a end result. To win, a presidential candidate should safe greater than half the vote and at the very least 25 p.c of ballots forged in 24 of Kenya’s 47 counties.

All through a marketing campaign season that often descended into mud-slinging between Ruto and Odinga, the rivals every sought to persuade Kenyan voters that they’re your best option to sort out a number of challenges going through the nation. Voters expressed fear in regards to the ever-increasing price of dwelling and excessive unemployment amid financial inequality, to endemic political corruption. The nation has been battered by drought, whereas public debt has soared to greater than two-thirds of GDP.

Amid widespread voter apathy, turnout on August 9 was means down on the earlier election held in 2017. And whereas most consideration is on the 2 main presidential candidates, within the ultimate days of campaigning there have been indicators of a late swell in public help for a 3rd candidate, George Wajackoyah. If that backing interprets into votes, Wajackoyah may deny Odinga and Ruto the brink they need to attain to keep away from an unprecedented second spherical of voting.

Whereas most media consideration was on the race for the presidency, grassroots politicians struggled for wider recognition. Within the run-up to election day feminine candidates reported abuse that usually escalated into bodily assault – additional complicating efforts to spice up ladies’s illustration.

On this episode of The Stream, we’ll have a look at what might lie forward for Kenya because the nation awaits a ultimate election end result.

On this episode of The Stream, we’re joined by:
Patrick Gathara, @gathara
Political commentator

Shikoh Kihika, @Shikohkihika
Founder, Tribeless Youth

Bina Maseno, @BinaMaseno
Director, Badili Africa Organisation

 

Nordic deal increases Turkish power in NATO, but pitfalls ahead | NATO News

Istanbul, Turkey – The last-minute deal between Turkey, Sweden and Finland to clear the trail for the Nordic international locations’ NATO membership has been portrayed as Ankara firmly inserting itself alongside its western allies within the face of Russia’s aggression.

Lately, debate has raged over whether or not Turkey is popping away from the West, fuelled by episodes reminiscent of Ankara’s acquisition of Russian missiles three years in the past and, extra lately, its refusal to hitch sanctions on Russia over its conflict in Ukraine.

When Turkey introduced in Might that it might veto Sweden and Finland’s NATO functions except they met a string of calls for, many noticed it as additional proof of Ankara’s popularity as a associate that was more and more charting its personal path inside NATO.

However final week’s settlement – addressing Turkish considerations over the actions of teams it has designated as “terrorist” organisations within the Nordic states, extradition of suspects and eradicating restrictions on arms gross sales to Turkey – noticed President Recep Tayyip Erdogan feted as a loyal and supportive ally at NATO’s Madrid summit.

“The settlement is a really constructive and historic improvement for Turkey’s relations with Sweden and Finland and NATO as a complete,” stated Ali Bakeer, assistant professor at Qatar College’s Ibn Khaldon Heart for Humanities and Social Sciences.

“It exhibits Turkey’s dedication to help the unity and enlargement of NATO … It’s a win-win state of affairs and NATO emerges stronger as a collective safety organisation vis-a-vis rising threats and Russia.”

Ankara joined NATO in 1952 through the alliance’s first wave of enlargement, having despatched troops to struggle underneath the United Nations banner within the Korean Warfare two years earlier. On the time, Turkey and Norway have been the one NATO states with land bordering the Soviet Union.

Turkey, which has the second-largest army in NATO after the USA, supplied an important southern flank to the alliance.

Potential issues forward

Regardless of the constructive response to the Turkey-Sweden-Finland settlement, there are indicators enlargement might nonetheless throw up challenges for NATO.

Erdogan has signalled that Turkey might block the method if Sweden and Finland didn’t “fulfil [the] duties” outlined within the 10-article deal. The Nordic enlargement should even be ratified by the parliaments of all 30 NATO members.

“Turkey acquired plenty of what it requested for however there are potential pitfalls for the ratification course of,” stated Ozgur Unluhisarcikli, director of the German Marshall Fund in Ankara.

“Turkey, Sweden and Finland are usually not on the identical web page on the subject of the definition of terrorism. People who Turkey considers terrorists could also be not thought of so by Sweden and Finland and when Turkey requests their extradition this will likely nonetheless be refused.

“I can picture Turkey additional delaying the ratification course of on the grounds that Sweden and Finland are usually not abiding by the written settlement … However, having stated this, they’ve managed to kick the can down the street and perhaps different options will be developed in the mean time.”

Turkish persuasion

Ankara has performed an important half in avoiding a disaster inside the alliance at a time when Europe is going through its best menace because the Chilly Warfare.

“The largest win on this deal is the truth that there isn’t a disaster in Turkey-NATO relations,” stated Galip Dalay, affiliate fellow at Chatham Home’s Center East and North Africa Programme in London.

“If there had been no deal after this summit, which is probably essentially the most important summit in a long time, that might have led to disaster. The truth that this disaster was averted is a significant win for all sides in NATO.”

Having polished its standing inside NATO, Turkey will now search to steer its allies over its view on “terrorism”, in line with analysts.

The Nordic deal has seen Western international locations recognise Ankara’s considerations over the Syrian Kurdish Folks’s Safety Models (YPG) for the primary time. The group – instrumental in preventing ISIL (ISIS) as a part of the US-led coalition in Syria – is tied to the Kurdistan Employees’ Social gathering (PKK), which has waged an armed rebellion towards Turkey for 38 years.

Turkey is now more likely to push different international locations, which have largely maintained that the PKK and the YPG are separate entities, to undertake the same place.

Turkey has pledged to repeat its 2019 incursion into YPG-controlled northern Syria. The earlier operation led to widespread Western condemnation and restrictions on defence gross sales to Ankara.

“Turkey will now anticipate Europe and the US to not criticise that [incursion] past lip service,” Unluhisarcikli stated.

Dalay defined that Russia’s conflict in Ukraine would result in additional convergence between Turkey and its NATO allies. Turkey is the one NATO member in direct competitors with Russia in Syria, Libya and Nagorno-Karabakh – a state of affairs that creates distinctive safety threats for Ankara.

“Russian revisionism has at all times pushed Turkey nearer in direction of the West,” Dalay stated. “That was the case for the Ottoman Empire, that was the case when Turkey was making use of to enter NATO and that’s the case right now.

“However whereas Turkey will regularly converge with the West on geopolitical issues, it would attempt to take action in a way that won’t antagonise Russia.”

South Korea passes $49.5bn extra budget ahead of local elections | Business and Economy

Supplementary funds will fund assist for small companies and self-employed folks impacted by pandemic restrictions.

South Korea’s Nationwide Meeting permitted a 62 trillion received ($49.5bn) supplementary funds on Sunday aimed toward supporting companies hit by pandemic-related restrictions.

The quantity permitted was 2.6 trillion received ($2bn) greater than the 59.4 trillion received introduced final month and can principally be used for money handouts for small companies and self-employed folks to make up for losses incurred as a consequence of COVID-19 restrictions, the finance ministry mentioned.

The extra spending comes after South Korean President Yoon Suk-yeol pledged to compensate 5.5 million homeowners of small companies for pandemic losses shortly earlier than taking workplace on Might 10.

The additional funds additionally comes because the nation is because of maintain native elections on June 1, when South Koreans will vote for mayors and provincial governors.

The ministry mentioned in a press release that it will not situation any bonds to fund the funds however as a substitute would use tax income from present spending plans.

South Korea in April lifted virtually all pandemic restrictions, together with a curfew for bars eating places and cafes, as a part of the nation’s transfer in the direction of residing with the coronavirus.

Last Big Mac: Russians line up ahead of McDonald’s exit | Food News

Russians lined up in a Moscow practice station on Tuesday for what could also be their final Massive Mac from one of many few McDonald’s eating places nonetheless open within the nation.

The world’s largest burger chain is rolling down the shutters in Russia after greater than 30 years, turning into one of many largest international manufacturers to go away following Moscow’s actions in Ukraine.

The exit of McDonald’s ends a chapter in the US firm’s historical past that started when it began serving its burgers in Russia as a logo of American capitalism.

The corporate had already determined to briefly shut its eating places within the nation in March. They included the enduring Pushkin Sq. location in central Moscow, which broke international data when opening on January 31, 1990, as greater than 30,000 individuals queued across the block for Massive Macs costing three roubles.

“McDonald’s operates in few locations now,” mentioned 32-year-old Irina, who was queuing on the department in Moscow’s Leningradsky Station, from the place trains head north to St Petersburg. “I miss McDonald’s, so after I go to St Petersburg, I drop by and deal with myself to a Massive Mac.”

High quality management

McDonald’s plans to promote 84 % of its practically 850 eating places in Russia to a neighborhood purchaser. The way forward for the remaining eating places, operated by franchisees, is unclear.

The brand new homeowners is not going to be allowed to make use of the Mcdonald’s title, emblem, branding and menu. That left some Russians frightened that the standard will undergo.

“I learn yesterday that McDonald’s was closing quickly and opening below a brand new title, so I rushed right here right now to purchase my favorite cheeseburger, milkshake and chips,” mentioned Alla, 21. “What if the standard will get worse after the rebranding?”

The franchised eating places stay open and have seen a pick-up in enterprise since McDonald’s closed its shops.

“In accessible areas within the centre of Moscow and St Petersburg we’re seeing elevated demand,” franchisee Rosinter Eating places mentioned on Tuesday.

McDonald’s will retain its trademark in Russia, which analysts mentioned left the door open for a return. Within the meantime, eating places will begin reopening below new possession and branding in June, a supply near the corporate mentioned.

Driving 250km for McDonald’s

In southern Russia and Siberia, some franchised shops are nonetheless buying and selling.

One man from southern Russia drove for 2 and a half hours to search out an open restaurant, he mentioned in an internet assessment posted on Yandex on April 21.

“I got here to this McDonald’s particularly from Samara, solely 250km,” the consumer wrote. “I remembered the ambiance and fortunately dived into it.

“The meals and burgers are simply as tasty and flavourful,” he mentioned. “Thanks for being comparatively shut by.”

The burger chain got here to symbolise a thawing of Chilly Conflict tensions and was a approach for tens of millions of Soviet residents to pattern Western meals and tradition, despite the fact that the price of a burger was a number of instances greater than the every day budgets of many metropolis dwellers.

Prior to now few years, McDonald’s has change into some of the inexpensive, and fast, lunch choices in Russia. Based mostly on The Economist journal’s Massive Mac index, which reveals buying energy parity, the rouble was essentially the most undervalued foreign money in early February 2022.

“Standing in a queue for some time is nothing to be afraid of, if one remembers how lengthy we stood within the 90s,” mentioned Ivan Tumanov, 45, who was additionally ready in line at Leningradsky Station. “Let’s remind ourselves right now of a style of the West.”

France’s Macron names new PM ahead of parliamentary elections | Politics News

President Emmanuel Macron has named Labour Minister Elisabeth Borne as prime minister to steer his formidable reform plans, the primary lady to move the French authorities in additional than 30 years.

Earlier on Monday, outgoing French Prime Minister Jean Castex handed his resignation to the president, a part of a extensively anticipated reshuffle to make approach for a brand new authorities within the wake of Macron’s re-election in April.

The final lady prime minister, Edith Cresson, briefly headed the cupboard from Could 1991 to April 1992 below President Francois Mitterrand.

Ending weeks of hypothesis, the Elysee confirmed Borne’s nomination in a press release and she or he then headed to the Matignon residence of the prime minister in Paris for the handover with Castex.

The departure of Castex, who was a shock alternative for the position in 2020, permits Macron to reshape the cupboard forward of essential parliamentary polls in June. The brand new authorities below Borne is predicted to be introduced within the subsequent days.

“Most individuals in France will know her as a result of she has served as a minister below Macron since he was first elected in 2017,” mentioned Al Jazeera’s Natacha Butler, reporting from Paris.

Borne has already held numerous positions as transport minister, minister for ecological transition, and these days as labour minister. Her newest put up, Butler mentioned, is one thing that “shall be seen by the president as very helpful as he appears to push by retirement reforms in his upcoming time period”.

Hypothesis has been rife in latest weeks about Castex’s substitute, with Macron indicating he needed a girl with left-wing and environmental credentials.

These standards replicate his want to deal with faculties and well being within the early a part of his second time period, in addition to the local weather disaster which he has promised to prioritise.

“Macron had indicated that he needed to nominate a girl, he additionally indicated that he might look to nominate somebody with inexperienced credentials or left-wing credentials. That’s as a result of he’s very a lot maintaining a tally of the upcoming parliamentary elections in June, during which a brand new left alliance is being seen as one thing of a risk to Macron’s chance of making an attempt to kind a majority within the nationwide meeting,” Butler added.

‘Excessive time’

Borne, 61, is seen as an ready technocrat who can negotiate prudently with unions, because the president embarks on a brand new package deal of social reforms that notably embrace an increase within the retirement age which dangers sparking protests.

“It was excessive time there was one other lady,” Cresson, the previous prime minister who is aware of Borne personally, advised BFM-TV.

“She is a exceptional particular person, with nice expertise in the private and non-private sectors… She’s an excellent alternative as a result of she’s a exceptional particular person, not as a result of she’s a girl,” she added.

“France could be very behind – not the French inhabitants however the political class,” added Cresson, who was the goal of quite a few sexist assaults throughout her time in workplace.

‘Incapability to unite’

Macron, 44, registered a strong victory in April 24 presidential polls towards far-right chief Marine Le Pen, successful by 59 to 41 p.c.

Le Pen and defeated hard-left chief Jean-Luc Melenchon are each eyeing comebacks within the parliamentary elections on June 12 and 19 that might give them the power to thwart Macron.

Melenchon lately persuaded the Socialist, Communist and Greens events to enter an alliance below his management that unites the left round a typical platform for the primary time in many years.

Macron’s rivals have been much less complimentary about Borne, whose appointment Le Pen mentioned confirmed the president’s “incapacity to unite and his want to pursue his coverage of contempt”.

Melenchon scoffed at the concept that Borne had come from the left, describing her as “among the many harshest figures of social abuse” in France’s ruing elite.

Castex had supposed to resign instantly after the presidential election in keeping with French custom, however was persuaded by Macron to remain on whereas he lined up a substitute.

The bespectacled 56-year-old from rural southwest France has a no-frills type and a robust regional accent which has endeared him to many French individuals.

He’ll principally be remembered for his administration of the latter phases of the COVID-19 pandemic but additionally windmill arm gestures and behavior of forgetting the place he had positioned his glasses.

“For practically two years, he labored with ardour and dedication within the service of France,” mentioned Macron in a farewell tweet to Castex, who has made clear he has no plans for greater workplace.